Close

  • Mejiro
  • Takadanobaba
  • Shin-Okubo
  • Shinjuku
  • Yoyogi
  • Ikebukuro
  • Otsuka
  • Sugamo
  • Komagome
  • Tabata
  • Nishi-Nippori
  • Nippori
  • Uguisudani
  • Ueno
  • Okachimachi
  • Akihabara
  • Kanda
  • Tokyo
  • Yurakucho
  • Harajuku
  • Shibuya
  • Ebisu
  • Meguro
  • Gotanda
  • Osaki
  • Shinagawa
  • Tamachi
  • Hamamatsucho
  • Shimbashi

India should accept returns within 15 years from the date of the agreement (until 1979). This agreement, now known as the Sirima shastri Pact, provided a solid solution to the citizenship issue of Indian workers living in Ceylon. Today, after about six decades of signing the pact, we have the opportunity to judge whether the Prime Minister made the right decision at the time and whether the pact was the right solution to the problem 5) The Indian government will accept the repatriation of people within 15 years from the date of that agreement. All other measures taken after 1964 in this crisis were taken using the original agreement as a model. “I have the honour of referring to the discussions we had from 24 to 30 October 1964 on the status and future of people of Indian origin in Ceylon and referring to the main spirits of the agreement that unites us, which are: decades ago, the majority of Tamils, after the signing of the two agreements, applied for Sri Lankan citizenship. Many have been repatriated to India. But today, more than 50 years later, their old fears have been revived. “These figures clearly show the gap between the aspirations of those involved and the arbitrary decisions of the two governments. Fortunately, the Indian government has decided not to extend the two agreements beyond October 31, 1981,” says Chandrasekaran, former secretary of the National Conference of Repatriates and secretary general of the Hill Country People`s Repatriates Repatriates. Is a bilateral agreement that decides the citizenship of people of Indian origin who grant 525,000 Indian nationalities and 300,000 ceylanese citizenship. Under the 1964 agreement with India, 600,000 Indian Tamils were to be repatriated, while 375,000 were to obtain Sri Lankan citizenship. Until 31 October 1981, when the two countries resolved this issue, India had taken in more than 300,000 people as returnees.

Sri Lanka had granted citizenship to more than 185,000 people, plus 62,000 descendants after 1964. More than 207,000 Indian Tamils in Sri Lanka before 1964, plus nearly 45,000 descendants, have obtained Indian citizenship, but are still waiting to be repatriated. Following the anti-tamile violence of July 1983, some members of this group were turned into repatriation or emigrated to India. Although the agreement ruled on the fate of the large proportion of immigrants, the pact left a number of 150,000 people undecided in fate. The heads of government of the two states have reached an agreement to grant Indian citizenship to 525,000 workers and Ceylonese citizenship to 300,000. Both agreements were signed by both governments, regardless of the views of those involved. When invitations were opened for applications for Sri Lankan and Indian citizenship, the overwhelming majority applied for Sri Lankan citizenship. Although Sri Lanka provided only 4 Lakh for Sri Lankan citizenship, the number of applicants was as high as 6.25 Lakh. There was a lack of applications for Indian citizenship: only 4 lakh people applied within the prescribed time, although 6 Lakh people should obtain Indian citizenship. Subsequently, another 87,000 people whose Sri Lankan citizenship applications were rejected also applied for Indian citizenship, bringing the total number of people applying for Indian citizenship to 4.87 Lakh.

The Citizenship Act of 1949 deprived these individuals of their legal citizenship. During the three decades leading up to the pact, the Ceylon Prime Minister has taken several steps to achieve a systemic solution to the problem through numerous agreements.

FWDMOVEMENT